Two-page A4 sheets. Illustrated, essential information sheets of UTX at a glance, including common errors and an explanation of how to create glossary information. See the brochure for more details.
You can directly scroll, zoom, and print the Flash diagram
In order to use MT (machine translation) systems such as translation software effectively, it is essential to use user dictionaries. When we use commercial high-end translation software in a CAT (computer-aided translation) workflow, specialized terminology, names of persons, and place names in the target document are often not included in basic system dictionaries, and they are not translated as well as one would expect. However, if these terms are registered into a user dictionary, the accuracy of the MT system can be improved.
Unfortunately, user dictionaries are not always compatible between different MT systems, rendering the effort to create such dictionaries futile. To address this issue, AAMT (Asia-Pacific Association for Machine Translation) has undertaken to establish a set of specifications for sharable dictionaries, which can be used across different MT systems. AAMT created its first version of specification, UPF (Universal PlatForm), with support from IPA (Information-technology Promotion Agency, an institute in Japan) in 1995. In 2006, AAMT started to create new specifications to reflect and incorporate the subsequent advancement of technology and the changing usage of MT. In 2007, the new format received a new name "UTX," short for universal terminology eXchange. In 2009, AAMT has established UTX-Simple, which is the simple version of UTX. In 2011, UTX-Simple has changed its name to "UTX," dropping "-Simple."
We are currently focusing on the following tasks: production and collection of dictionary data; and creation of a user community for generating, sharing, and accumulating user dictionaries in a sustainable way. We will select some domains for which translation is needed, and build and collect actual dictionary data from real-world documents in accordance with the specification of UTX. By carrying out translation with the dictionary and collecting feedback, the UTX specification will be further improved.
UTX 1.11 Specification
Articles and Presentations
If you are interested in UTX, please contact us through the following form: We welcome organizations and individuals who could collaborate with us to develop the specification of UTX, to provide and/or build dictionaries and tools, and to perform evaluation.
By using the specifications of UTX, UTX-Simple, and UTX-XML
(hereinafter collectively called “UTX Specifications”) or the
dictionaries based on UTX Specifications (hereinafter called “UTX
Dictionaries”), you agree to be bound by the following terms. The
invalidity or unenforceability of this disclaimer shall in no way
affect the validity or enforceability of any other provision herein.
1. To the authors of UTX Dictionaries and related tools from the AAMT and its members:
(1) UTX Specifications are made public, and anyone can use them. The AAMT, however, does not waive any rights thereof and no one may alter UTX Specifications nor make them public.
(2) THE AAMT AND ITS MEMBERS PROVIDE UTX SPECIFICATIONS “AS IS,” WITH NO GUARANTEES WHATSOEVER. YOU SHOULD USE UTX SPECIFICATIONS AND UTX DICTIONARIES AT YOUR OWN RISK.
(3) THE AAMT AND ITS MEMBERS SHALL NOT ASSUME ANY RESPONSIBILITY FOR UTX SPECIFICATIONS AND THE RESULT OF THEIR USE INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE EXISTENCE OF INFRINGEMENT OF THIRD PARTIES’ RIGHTS AND THE ACCURACY, ADEQUACY AND QUALITY OF THE TRANSLATION.
(4) THE AAMT AND ITS MEMBERS SHALL NOT ASSUME ANY RESPONSIBILITY FOR VERIFYING NOR DO THEY GUARANTEE THE LEGITIMACY OF THE COPYRIGHT FOR EACH UTX DICTIONARY. YOU AND THE ORIGINAL AUTHOR OF EACH UTX DICTIONARY ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR THE LEGAL PROBLEM IF IN ANY CASE THAT THE ORIGINAL AUTHOR OF THE UTX DICTIONARY IS NOT THE LEGITIMATE HOLDER OF THE APPROPRIATE COPYRIGHT.
(5) The AAMT and its members grant you the permission to stipulate the terms and conditions for the use of UTX Dictionaries by their users for commercial or non-commercial purposes as long as you have the appropriate copyright; provided, however, that the author of UTX Dictionary is solely responsible for verifying the legitimacy of the copyright for data used in the UTX Dictionary.
(6) THE AAMT AND ITS MEMBERS SHALL NOT ASSUME ANY RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE RESULT OF USE OF THE TOOLS RELATED TO UTX DICTIONARIES.
2. To the users of UTX Dictionaries from their authors:
The users of UTX Dictionaries may make use of UTX Dictionaries, in accordance with their license terms and conditions. Since the license terms and conditions of UTX Dictionaries are varied, please confirm the license indicated in the UTX file header.
3. To the users of UTX Dictionaries and related tools from the AAMT and its members:
THE AAMT AND ITS MEMBERS SHALL NOT ASSUME ANY RESPONSIBILITY IN CONNECTION WITH THE UTX SPECIFICATIONS AND THE RESULT OF THEIR USE INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE EXISTENCE OF INFRINGEMENT OF THIRD PARTIES’ RIGHTS AND THE ACCURACY, ADEQUACY AND QUALITY OF THE TRANSLATION. You should resolve such problems between you and the author of the UTX Dictionaries.
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